Overview

Wheat is one of the oldest and most important crops of the cereal. The Common wheat is the most important cereal crop and its botanical name is Triticum aestivum. Botanical name of wheat is Triticum. It is used by the industries for the production of starch, paste, malt, dextrose, gluten, and other products.

According to the reports, the production of wheat in 2016 was 750 million tonnes. Wheat is used to making bread, pasta, cake, macaroni, cookies, pastries, and flours. It is divided into two types. Hard and Soft Wheat. Hard Wheat is also known as the Durums which is used to make pasta. And soft wheat is used in pastries and noodles.

benefits of wheat

Origin

The wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Egypt, Assyria, Elam, and Phoenicia. After maize, it is most-produced cereal in the world, and it is covered the more earth space than any other cereal crops.

Nutrition Value

Wheat is a rich source of Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Vitamin B-6, and Carbohydrates.

Serving Size: 192g

% Daily intake per serveAverage quantity per serving
Saturated Fat4%0.9g
Polyunsaturated Fat0%1.9g
Monounsaturated Fat0%0.7g
Cholesterol0%0mg
Sodium0%3.8mg
Potassium23%827.5mg
Carbohydrate45%137g
Protein52%26g

GI and GL Score

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Index plays the important role in your diet. If you are health-conscious then GI is very much useful to know how much impact particular food does on your blood glucose levels.

If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less then it is considered to be "Low GI", and a GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "high GI".

The Glycemic Index of Wheat is 72 and Glycemic Load of wheat is 29. Which means it won't impact blood sugar levels.

Benefits

Lowers Blood Pressure

A study has discovered that men who ate whole wheat breakfast face 19% less risk of cardiovascular disease. Another study conducted on ladies says that intake whole wheat bread and alternative whole grain food products reduce the blood cholesterol, insulin level, and blood pressure, thereby minimizing the chance of heart diseases.

Weight Loss

Whole wheat may be a widespread grain alternative among weight-watchers because it helps in preventing weight gain. The consumption of whole wheat food product helps in raising your metabolism, makes easier for you to shed those unwanted additional pounds. They additionally keep you full longer than other food varieties as they have a lot of fiber content.

Prevents Colon Cancer

A majority of the wheat flakes advantages have to do with their high fiber content, that promotes regular and correct waste elimination from the body. For this reason, it's been found to be vital within the prevention of colon cancer. Consultants recommend 20 to 25 grams of dietary fiber daily for men and ladies.

Packs with Nutrients

Wheat flakes are loads of vitamins and minerals. They contain vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, D, and E also contain minerals like iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, and magnesium. This suggests that by adding wheat flakes to your daily diet, your body gets all the essential nutrients to perform properly and keep healthy.

Prevents Stroke

If your possibilities of getting a stroke are high, you ought to opt for wheat flakes over different cereals. Once you pick a high-fiber breakfast cereal, you minimize the danger of strokes as well as heart diseases. To stop these chronic conditions, eat wheat flakes with yogurt or nonfat milk and add a chunk of fruit also.

Types:

Hundreds of varieties of Wheats are grown worldwide. Following are the few types of Wheat:

  • Spelt
  • Durum
  • Einkorn Wheat
  • Common Wheat
  • Emmer
  • Khorasan Wheat
  • Triticale

Availability

All Year.

Selection

Found each prepacked and in bulk, grain products are freshest once bought from secure lined bins in an exceedingly store with high turnover. Any proof of wet could be a reason not to purchase. Sealed containers and vacuum packaging typically guarantee fresh products. Types of whole wheat include wheat bran, wheat germ, wheat berries, grain couscous, cracked wheat, and natural grain flour.

How to Preserve

When keeping properly, wheat will simply last six to eight years or additional also, while not losing any of its nutritional benefits. The trick to wheat storage is to stay out of the oxygen, keep it cool and dry. That's the best possible way to store the bulk wheat.