Overview

Watermelon is one of the most popular fruit all over the world. It has the everything that you need to beat the summer heat. Watermelon contains the rich source of much-needed water and electrolytes to tame hot, and summer temperatures. It is grown in many tropical countries where it is considered as one of the major commercial fruit. It was originated from the southern African countries and from where it Is spread to the rest of the tropical and subtropical regions.

Watermelon contains the rich nutrients, and mostly it contains the water of about 92 percent. The green outer is hard and fleshy and rarely eaten, while the interior is soft, red or pink flesh which contains the many seeds, this is part of the watermelon which is eaten mostly. Its botanical name is Citrullus lanatus. It has a neutral flavor, and its taste somewhat like light sugar syrup.

benefits of Watermelon

Origin

Watermelon is believed to possess originated within the desert of Africa. The primarily recorded watermelon harvest occurred nearly 5,000 years ago in Egypt and is represented in Egyptian hieroglyphics on walls of their ancient buildings. From there, watermelons unfold throughout countries on the Mediterranean by the method of merchant ships. By the tenth century, watermelon found its way to China.

Nutrition Value

A typical watermelon serving weighs 152 grams and provides 46 calories with certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of sodium, potassium, sugar, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and magnesium.

The below table shows the nutrition percentage of watermelon:

% Daily intake per serve Average Quantity per serve
Fat 0% 0.2g
Cholesterol 0% 0mg
Sodium 0% 1.5mg
Potassium 4% 170.4mg
Carbohydrate 4% 11g
Dietary Fiber 3% 0.6g
Sugar 0% 9g
Protein 1% 0.9g

GI and GL Score

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Index plays the important role in your diet. If you are health-conscious then GI is very much useful to know how much impact particular food does on your blood glucose levels.

If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less then it is considered to be "Low GI", and a GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "high GI".

The GI values for the watermelon is 72 and GL value is 4.

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Benefits

Regulates the Blood Pressure

Watermelon contains the potassium and magnesium that is incredibly helpful for lowering the blood pressure. Potassium is considered a vasodilator, and it releases the stress on blood vessels and arteries. Carotenoids that forestall within the watermelon helps to hardening of artery walls and veins, and additionally, it helps to reduce the blood pressure and also the probabilities of blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks.

Prevents from Cancer

It contains the high level of lycopene, which is linked to cancer prevention. Recent studies suggest that lycopene was shown to significantly reduce the risks of prostate, breast, colon, lung, and endometrial cancer. Watermelon is stated as a great anti-cancer fruit.

Healthy Heart

Lycopene, a carotenoid compound found in watermelon, which improves the cardiac functions. Beta-carotene, which known for the great antioxidant and anti-aging properties, which keeps you young at heart and prevents the age-related cardiac problems.

Skin and Hair Health

Watermelon is a rich source of vitamin C, the nutrient which is essential for the collagen synthesis. Collagen keeps your skin supple and it strengthens your hair. According to recent studies, it states that the lycopene and beta-carotene can protect the skin against from the sunburn. Beta-Carotene is also known to prevent the certain skin conditions like psoriasis and vitiligo.

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Watermelon also contains the vitamin A nutrient which contributes to skin health, which repairs and creates the new skin cells. Without nutrients, your skin looks dull and flaky.

Prevents from Heat Stroke

It is used for reducing the temperature and blood pressure. Many of us eat this fruit on a daily basis within the afternoon throughout summer to protect them from the heat stroke.

Types

There are wide varieties of watermelon are available some of them as follows:

  • Little Baby Flower
  • Yellow Doll
  • Crimson Sweet
  • Extazy
  • Golden Midget
  • Jubilee
  • Mickylee
  • Moon and Stars
  • Pixie
  • Sangria

Different types of Watermelon

Availability

All Year.

Selection

Watermelon grown in all the seasons under the tropical environments, but they are best in the summer months. Always try to buy organically grown watermelons because they are richer in taste and nutrients. It always hard to judge ripeness and taste without checking the wedge section of the melon. So, look for one which is heavy for its size, and rind that is relatively smooth, neither over shiny nor dull,without cuts or bruises on its surfaces.

How to Preserve

An uncut watermelon can be stored up to a week in the refrigerator. You can place the cut watermelon in a covered container and in refrigerator up to 3-4 days.