Turnip is one of the most important root vegetables in the world. It is used in European, Asiana and Eastern American Cuisine. When a turnip plant is exposed to sunlight, a light purple blush appears around the top. Sprouts and leaves of a turnips vegetable are edible and highly nutritious. The green of these vegetables is used in soups and stews, and its bulbous roots are diced or chopped and pickled. It grows in a temperature region around the world.

The botanical name of Turnip is Brassica rapa subsp. It belongs to the Brassicaceae family which also includes the cabbage, kale, and Brussels sprouts etc. Coming to baby turnips it is quite delicious, tender and sweet, it can be added to salads and eaten raw also. If a turnip matures, then its flavor becomes more pronounced and its texture will be firm and woody. Generally, it comes in a conical shape but sometimes it available in a rounded shape also.

health benefits of turnip


Turnips are originated in northern Europe and it is one of the most important root vegetables of that time. It is an ancient vegetable which was domesticated before the 15th century. Turnip is introduced into North American by early European settlers and colonists.

Nutrition Value

A Turnip serving weighs 100 grams can provide 30 calories with a certain amount of Dietary Fiber. It is a rich source of Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, and Vitamin C.

The following table shows the nutrition percentage of Turnip:

% Daily intake per serveAverage quantity per serving
Saturated Fat0%0g
Polyunsaturated Fat0%0.3g
Monosaturated Fat0%0g
Dietary Fiber8%1.9g

Glycemic Index

Glycemic Index plays the important role in your diet. If you are health-conscious then GI is very much useful to know how much impact particular food does on your blood glucose levels.If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less then it is considered to be "Low GI", and a GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "high GI".

The GI values for the turnip is 62 and a low GL value. The Glycemic load takes into the account when the amount of the food you have eaten and how it affects your blood sugar and insulin response. The low GL value of turnip is a 1.4.

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Healthy Heart

Turnip contains anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of large amount of vitamin K. Which helps to prevent us from heart attacks, heart strokes, and the other heart-related diseases. It is also an excellent source of folate, which helps to boost the cardiovascular system.

Healthy Bone

Turnips contain the calcium and potassium which plays an important role for healthy bone growth and maintenance. If we take turnips on regular basis it will inhibit the joint damage, and reduce the risk of osteoporosis and the incidence of Rheumatoid Arthritis. It contains the excellent source of calcium mineral which supports the body's production of connective tissues.

Lung Health

Cigarette contains the carcinogens element which causes the vitamin A deficiency. Which results in lung inflammation, and other lung problems. Turnip green contains a vitamin A which helps in maintaining healthy lungs by the counteracting vitamin A deficiency.

Weight Loss

It is low in calories. Due to that Turnips plays an important role in a weight loss program. On the other hand it is rich in high fiber content which regulates metabolism, controls body weight and it supports a healthy and an active colon.

Prevents from Body Odor

As we know body odor is a common problem for all, especially in the summer months. Turnip juice helps to get rid of a body odor and its good for health also.

Good for Eye

Turnip green contains a rich source of lutein, a carotenoid which helps to promote eye health and it prevents us from oscular diseases like macular degeneration and cataracts.

Healthy Skin

It is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, copper which is important for maintaining the healthy skin. Because of this turnip offers the health benefits for your skin like Brightening your skin, and Anti-Ageing etc.

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There are wide varieties of trunips available some of them as follows:

  • Purple Top
  • Scarlet Queen
  • Seven Top
  • Topper
  • Alltop
  • Amber Globe
  • Baby bunch
  • White Globe
  • Golden Ball
  • Shogoin


All year.


Always there is a confusion while selecting the turnips because the rutabaga also looks like a turnip. Somebody by mistake buys the rutabaga thinking it is a turnip. But in shape both are different. Rutabaga is very large and with a waxy outer layer and it tastes stronger when it cooked. But turnip is a globe-shaped, with white skin and purple on the upper part.

Baby turnip doesn't have the violet and looks like a spring radish. Always prefer to take small and medium-sized turnips. Because large turnips taste woody and hard, but young one is sweeter and it can be eaten raw. And choose the one which has three inches or less. Avoid the soft and shriveled turnips. Because it has been stored for a long time and it is in the process of rotting.

How to Preserve

Preserving the turnips depends on the size and maturity. Small turnips roots can be stored in a freeze for two or three weeks. Large and mature roots can be stored for more than a three weeks in a refrigerator by cutting into pieces.