Overview

Tomato is the most vital food crop in the world. It's a juicy, nutritive fruit usually ingested as a vegetable. The tomato is that the edible, often red, fruit of the plant Solanum genus Lycopersicon, usually referred to as a Lycopersicon esculentum.

The plant belongs to the nightshade family that is named tomato family. The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word tomato gave rise to the Spanish word "tomate", from that country word tomato originates.

Tomato is consumed in various ways that, as well as raw, as an ingredient in several dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. However, the tomato incorporates an abundant lower sugar content than other edible fruits and is so not as sweet.

benefits of tomato

Know more health benefits of Potato.

Origin

The species originated in Central and South America. They were 1st cultivated by the Aztecs and Incas as early as 700 AD. The food originated in the North American nation and spread throughout the world.

Nutrition Value

An average tomato weighs 100grams and provides 18 calories with a certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin A, K, vitamin B6, Potassium, Fat, Sodium, Manganese, and cholesterol-free.

Serving Size: 1 tomato – 100grams.

The below table shows the nutrition percentage of tomato.

% Daily intake per serveAverage Quantity per
Carbohydrate1%3.9g
Dietary Fiber4%1.2g
Protein1.6%0.9g
Calcium1%10mg
Iron4%0.3mg
Potassium5%237mg
Vitamin C21.5%13mg
Vitamin E4%0.54mg

GI and GL Score

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Index plays the important role in your diet. If you are health-conscious then GI is very much useful to know how much impact particular food does on your blood glucose levels.

If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less then it is considered to be "Low GI", and a GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "high GI".

The Glycemic Index is 38 and Load of tomato are 3.4.

Benefits

Prevent Cancer

Tomatoes contain large amounts water-soluble vitamin and antioxidant lycopene, that's effective in lowering the risk of cancer, especially lung, stomach and prostate cancers. Breast cancer can even be reduced with tomatoes.

Improve Vision

Vitamin A, present in tomatoes, aids in improving vision and preventing night-blindness and devolution. Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant which will be shaped from an excess of beta-carotene within the body. A lot of vision issues occur due to the negative effects of free radicals and vitamin A, being a strong antioxidant, will help to stop them.

Lower Hypertension

Consuming a tomato daily reduces the risk of developing hypertension, also termed as high blood pressure. This is due to the impressive levels of potassium found in tomatoes. It reduces the stress in blood vessels and arteries, thereby increasing circulation and lowering the stress on the heart by eliminating high blood pressure.

Know more health benefits of Cabbage.

Aid in Digestion

Eating tomatoes daily will keep your digestive system healthy because it prevents each, constipation and diarrhoea. It additionally prevents jaundice and effectively removes toxins from the body.

Skin Care

Rich tomato elements fight acne and stop harm to skin cells. Drinking juice constantly improves the appearance of skin and texture of hair, even familiar to cure severe sunburns.

Rich Sources of Vitamins & Minerals

Vitamin C may be a natural antioxidant that prevents cancer-causing free radicals from damaging the body's systems. It also contains abundant vitamin A and K, as well as iron. Potassium plays an important role in maintaining nerve health and iron is essential for maintaining normal blood circulation. Vitamin K, that is important in blood clotting and dominant harm is additionally easy in tomatoes.

Prevent Kidney Stones

Regular consumption of tomatoes will offer relief from gallstones. They work as a disinfectant to protect the body from symptom and prevents the appearance of kidney stones and gallbladder stones within the future. They also dramatically reduce the incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms. This can be as a result of tomatoes are high in water content, which may stimulate urination.

Types

Hundreds of varieties of tomatoes are grown worldwide.

Following are the few types of tomatoes:

  • Cherry Tomatoes
  • Sungold Tomatoes
  • Salad Tomatoes
  • Heirloom Tomatoes
  • Roma Tomatoes
  • Round Tomatoes
  • Pear Tomatoes or San Marzano Tomatoes
  • Beefsteak
  • Enchantment
  • Sweet 100

Availability

All year.

Selection

Fresh ripe tomatoes feature lovely bright-red color and have a rich fruity flavour, within the markets, buy fresh, firm, uniform sized fruits. Avoid those with wrinkled surface, stained spots, cuts and too soft and mushy.

How to Preserve

Always store yellow fruits will be placed in cool, dark place at temperature for 2-3 days. However, ripe tomatoes are one among the simply biodegradable vegetables and will be hold on within the refrigerator. Use them whereas they're recent to achieve full advantages of vitamins and antioxidants.