Pear is also known as close "cousin" of apple. It is the fifth widely produced delicate fruit in the world. The shape of pear is a great motivation for designers and architects.
Pear is also named as pomaceous fruit. It is a great source of dietary fiber. It also contains vitamins, smaller amount of calcium, iron, magnesium, riboflavin, vitamin B1, B2, B6 and folate.
Red skin pears contains carotenoids, flavonols and anthocyanins. Pears is considered as natural remedy for constipation. Fresh pear is a great source of antioxidants as well as anti-inflammatory phytonutrients. In India, Pear is widely grown in Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh.
The scientific name of the Pear is pyrus communis. Pear belongs from genus pyrus and family rosaceae.It is mainly originated from China. China, Europe and United states are the major producer of pears in the world. It is mainly grown in temperate and subtropical regions. Due to its low calorie value, people consume it maximum in their diet. Commercially pear has two variants. European variant contains, elongated body and full bodied texture and Asian pears are rounded body and sandy texture.
The word Pear is mainly derived from Latin word pera or pira. In French it is known as poire, in German as peer, in Greek as acras and the cultivation of Pear is known as apios. In India, Pear has different names such as,Pear (English), Nashpati (Hindi, Marathi), Perikai (Tamil), Berikaii (Kannada,Telugu), Sabariil (Malayalam).
Climate And Production
High chilling is required for cultivation of Pear. Pear requires deep drained loam soil having ph value less than 8.5, electric conductivity less than 1.5mm hos/cm,less than 10% calcium carbonate and lime 20%.
Pear grows very well at 1200m to 1800m above sea level.
2℃ in winter and 32℃ in summer is the best temperature for flowering and fruiting of pears. 100-125 cm rainfall is sufficient for cultivation of pear.
Pear is a fruit of delicate flavor and is a good source of dietary fiber.
The below chart explains the nutritional value of Pear and USDA for FDA guidelines also approves it.
Amount per 100g
The glycemic index has a range of 0 to 100 and it gives the value how fast a food containing carbohydrates affect the blood sugar level when consumed. Foods having a glycemic index of less than 50 considered as low glycemic index foods,50-70 as moderate and above 70 as high GI foods.
Pear having 38 glycemic index. Considered as low GI food. That is why Diabetic patients prefer to consume Pear.
- Prevents from Cancer
- Weight Loss
- Improves Digestion
- Anti-inflammatory response
- Improve Eye Health
- Helps Prevent Osteoporosis
- Antioxidant Effect
- Boosts Immunity
- No Allergic Reactions
- Good For Lip Treatment
- Other Benefits
Prevents from Cancer
Pear is anti-carcinogenic in nature and can be used to prevent different types of cancer such as colon, rectum, breast, prostate and lung.
As Pear contains low calorie, hence, people often use it as a great source to lose weight. It contains high nutrition and high energy.
Pear is a great source of dietary fiber, serves 18% of the daily requirement of fiber and is strong agent for improving digestive health. It acts as a bulking agents in the intestines as it contains non soluble polysaccharides (NSP).
Pears are rich in phytonutrients such as beta carotene, leutein, zeaxanthin all show anti-inflammatory response and helps in digestive health.
Improve Eye Health
Pears contain nutrients and vitamins which prevents cataracts and reduce the risk of age related macular degeneration.
Helps Prevent Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis, a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, which can lead to increased risk of fracture. So pears can help to prevent bone disease as it contain boron, a metalloid, in which our bodies retain calcium.
Pears has free radical scavenging activity. It contains antioxidant nutrients such as vitamin C and copper which prevents our body from oxygen related damage from free radical.
Pear is rich in vitamin c and k, it also contains B2, B3, B6 and folate, and this all nutrients fortify our body from illness and make us feel fresh.
No Allergic Reactions
Pear contains less allergic reaction so it can also be given to the infants.
Pear contains folic acid. Which is very much useful in pregnancy as it reduces the birth defects during pregnancy.
Good For Lip Treatment
Pears extract contains lactic acid which keeps lip healthy and hydrated for long.
Pear regulates bowel movements, constipation, diarrhea, and stool.
Against gall bladder, colitis, arthritis, gout- regular intake of pears prevent these diseases problems.
There are wide varieties of pears are available some of them as follows:
- Taylor Gold Pear
- Concorde Pear
- Forelle Pear
- Seckel Pear
- Bartlett Pear
- Bosc Pear
- Green Anjou
- Red Anjou
- Red Bartlett Pear
A lot of delicious dishes is made up of pear as it has delicate flavor. Pears are not limited to a delicious fruit but can be treated as some amazing cuisine,
Pear pie with red wine and rosemary
Crunchy winter slaw with Asian pear and manchego
Peppered butter and pear toast
Drop biscuit pear and dried cherry cobbler
Sautéed pears with bacon and mustard dressing
Pear upside down cake
Rice pudding with fresh pears and honey
Ricotta toast with pears and honey
Roasted pear crumble
Cranberry pear crumble
Pear and frongipane crostata with raspberry vinegar glaze
How to Preserve
A proper storage is required to keep the fruits fresh. Pears are stored at room temperature in single layer until their colors looks dark when it is not ripen.
Ripped pears are stored in a refrigerator which last for 6-7 days. Good conditions to keep pears fresh at temperature of -1℃ and 0℃ depends on their variety and 90-95% atmospheric humidity. Pears can also be kept in pierced paper bag as it gives enough oxygen which prevents the pears from decay or over ripening.