Peanuts are one of the most popular ground nuts around the world. It also called the groundnuts. Peanut Is one of the most cultivated crops mainly in China, India, African nations, and the USA. In India, it used mainly as a seed oil. Especially in India, it is taken as a snack in many households. Peanuts are available through the year and can be eaten every day.
The botanical name of peanuts is Arachis hypogaea. Peanut plant takes around 120 to 150 days to produce the crop after sowing its seed. It is served in the various cuisines. Mostly in the western cuisines. Peanuts are widely grown in the tropic and subtropic regions. It is similar to taste and nutritional profile to walnuts and almonds. In India, peanuts are mostly used in the form of oil and a roasted snack. Peanuts are also included in the family of nuts.
Peanuts are originated in South America and it shows that people in Peru and Brazil are eating peanuts nearly 3,500 years ago.
A peanut serving weighs 100 grams and provides 570 calories with a certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of Sodium, Potassium, Carbohydrates, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, and Vitamin B-6.
The following table shows the nutrition percentage of Peanuts:
|% Daily intake per serve||Average quantity per serving|
GI and GL Score
Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.
Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.
The GI values for the peanuts is 14 and a low GL value. Peanuts contain the low value for both GI and GL, due to their content of healthy oils, protein, and fiber which have a positive impact on controlling blood sugar.
- Healthy Heart
- Fight against Stomach Cancer
- Skin Protection
- Reduces Colon Cancer
- Regulates the Blood Sugar
- Good Cholesterol
- Prevents from Gallstone
- Good for Hair
We know that Heart diseases are one of the leading causes of the death worldwide. Research studies indicate that consuming peanuts, walnuts, almonds and other types of nuts may protect us from the heart diseases . Peanuts contain a huge number of heart-healthy nutrients which include magnesium, niacin, copper, oleic acid, and the various antioxidants.
Fight against Stomach Cancer
It contains the Poly-phenolic antioxidants in a high concentration. Which has the ability to reduce the risk of a stomach cancer by reducing the production of carcinogenic nitrous- amines.
Peanuts contain the Vitamin E which helps in maintaining the integrity of cells of mucous membrane and the skin. It protects us from free radicals which causes the huge damage.
Reduces Colon Cancer
Peanuts can reduce the colon cancer, especially in women. Eating peanut butter twice a week can reduce the colon cancer in women upto 60% and in men upto 29%. Peanuts are the best benefit for the women to get rid of colon cancer.
Regulates the Blood Sugar
Peanut contains the Manganese which helps in calcium absorption, fats and carbohydrates metabolism, and the sugar level regulation in a blood.
It contains mono-unsaturated fatty acid which prevents us from the coronary diseases. Peanuts lower bad cholesterol and increases the good cholesterol in the body.
Prevents from Gallstone
Research studies state that frequent consumption of peanut may reduce the risk of gallstone in both men and women. It is one of the amazing benefits of peanuts which keep all the diseases away from you.
Good for Hair
It contains the various friendly nutrients which are beneficial for maintaining the healthy hair. Peanuts contain a huge quantity of omega-3 fatty acids which helps to strengthen the scalp and the hair follicles to promote the growth of hair.
There are wide varieties of peanuts available some of them as follows:
- Runner Peanuts
- Virginia Peanuts
- Spanish Peanuts
- Valencia Peanuts
Peanuts are available in the supermarkets and grocery stores all the year. It is available in different forms like shelled, unshelled etc. Always recommended to buy the unshelled peanuts because shelled one or other forms are treated with a certain number of chemicals.
Always ensure that pod of peanut is compact and cream in color, and there is no evidence of moisture or insect damage and it won’t rattle when you shake it.
How to Preserve
Unshelled nuts can be stored in a cool or dark place for months whereas the shelled nuts can be stored for years. Peanuts can be stored in a glass or in a plastic container. Should not chop it before storing. Peanuts can absorb odour easily so it always recommended to keep them away from the other smell foods.
We can store the peanuts in a room temperature, but its best to store in the refrigerator to keep its freshness and to prolong its shelf life. The lower content which is present in the peanut prevents it from freezing. If we don’t store peanuts properly they will turn into chewy and may turn into the rancid also.