Peaches originally fuzzy fruit native to northwest China. They belong to stone fruit family, having one large middle seed, as do cherries, apricots, plums, and nectarines. Although its botanical name Prunus persica. Peaches grow in a fairly limited range in dry, continental or temperate climates, since the trees have a chilling requirement that tropical or subtropical areas generally do not satisfy except at high altitudes. Most cultivars require 520 hours of chilling around 0 to 10 °C (32 to 50 °F). China is the #1 producer of peaches in the world. In 2016, world production of peaches and nectarines was 25 million tonnes, led by China which produced 58% of the world total. It is cold season crop and mainly cultivated in Meghalaya.
Genetic studies state that peaches originated from China. It is also found elsewhere in Western Asia in ancient times and where it is known as "The Tree of Life". Peach cultivation also went from China, through Persia, and reached Greece by 300 BC.Alexander the Great introduced the fruit into Europe after he conquered the Persians. It is well known to the Romans in first century AD and were cultivated widely in Emilia-Romagna.
A typical Peach serving weighs 147 grams and provides 58 calories with a certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of potassium, sugar, vitamin A, vitamin C, and magnesium.
The below table shows the nutrition percentage of peach:
|% Daily intake per serve||Average Quantity per serve|
GI and GL Score
If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less than it is considered to be "Low GI", and GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "High GI".
The GI values for the peach is 42 and GL value is 5.
- Prevents from Cancer
- Good for Skin
- Reduce Obesity
- Boosts Immunity System
- Cellular Health
- Prevents form the Brain Disorders
- Use of Culinary
Prevents from Cancer
Peach is an excellent source of the strong antioxidant vitamin C, peaches also help to fight with free radical cell formation which causes cancer. While adequate vitamin C intake is necessary and benefits as an antioxidant. Peaches consist of high fiber which helps to lower the risk of colorectal cancer.
Good for Skin
The antioxidant vitamin C, when eaten in its natural form or applied topically, can reduce wrinkles, improve overall skin texture and help to fight skin damage caused by the sun and pollution. Vitamin C also plays important role in the formation ofcollagen, the support system of your skin.
The peels and also the pulp of peaches possess important inhibitor properties. The presence of chlorogenic acid in these fruits conjointly contributes to their protecting effects. Antioxidants like carotenoid, zeaxanthin, and beta-cryptoxanthin facilitate in scavenging oxygen-derived free radicals and therefore shield the body against the harmful effects of varied diseases.
Peaches contain bioactive elements that have shown useful effects in combating obesity-related disorders. associate investigatory analysis study has urged that the presence of phenoplast compounds in peaches have medicinal drug and anti-obesity properties that facilitate in fighting metabolic syndromes that may cause serious health considerations.
Boosts Immunity System
It is rich in water-soluble vitamin and Zn, that aid within the traditional functioning of the body and facilitates maintain a healthy system. Zn and water-soluble vitamin exert effectual wound healing and inhibitor properties that facilitate in fighting infections and reducing the prevalence and severity of diseases corresponding to the communicable disease, malaria, pneumonia, and symptom. A deficiency of those parts may result in aerophilic bursts and impaired cellular activity.
Peaches contain iron, that is important for the formation of hemoglobin in red blood cells. The consumption of foods like peaches is very important throughout all the stages of life, together with childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and phases admire flow and gestation.
Prevents form the Brain Disorders
Studies have proved that peach extracts exert helpful effects on the central cholinergic system. The cholinergic system may be a neurochemical system that acts because of the backbone of memory and learning functions. elements present in peaches avert the cholinergic system from degenerating and therefore stop numerous disorders like Alzheimer's unwellness.
Use of Culinary
Due to the abundance of health-promoting compounds, delicious flavor and low calories, peaches are typically added as an associate ingredient in varied healthy recipes like yogurts, shakes, and cakes.
There are wide varieties of peaches are available some of them as follows:
- Yellow Peaches
- White Peaches
- Freestone Peaches
- Clingstone Peaches
- Donut Peaches
Select peaches which are creamy gold or yellow. It must be soft to touch and also don't squeeze the peaches because of they bruises easily. Always smell the fruit before buying it. It has a sweet fragrance as it belongs to the rose family.
How to Preserve
Place firm peaches on the counter at a temperature and that they can ripen among some days. Promptly refrigerate ripe peaches, and eat them among per week of purchase. To peel a peach, dip it into boiling water for thirty seconds, then in cold water. The peel ought to slide off simply.