Overview

Guava is a sweet and delicious fruit which is available all over the world. You can eat this fruit as a snack. It has a sweet and tangy flavor depending on what ripening stage they are at. Guava seeds are hard and placed in the center of the fruit. Guava looks similar to pears but completely different in taste and texture. It is cultivated in a tropical climate. All around the world, it is utilized in cooking both sweet and savory dishes. Guava juice is used in sauces, candies, jams, and jellies.

The botanical name of Guava is Psidium guajava. The shape of the guava is oval with light green or yellow skin and contains the edible seeds. Guava is one of the least chemically treated and sprayed fruits because it doesn't require to extend the shelf life of the fruit.

benefits of Guava

Origin

Guava originated in Mexico and Central America, and later Asian countries also joined in cultivation and became one of the largest producers in the world. Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, and Mexico produce a large amount of guava.

Nutrition Value

A Guava serving weighs 100 grams produces 69 calories with a certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of Sodium, Potassium, Carbohydrates, Sugar, Protein, Calcium, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Iron, and Magnesium.

The following table shows the nutrition percentage of Guava:

% Daily intake per serveAverage quantity per serving
Fat1%2g
Saturated Fat2%0.4g
Sodium1%3mg
Potassium12%418mg
Carbohydrate5%15g
Dietary Fiber22%6g
Protein6%2.8g

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Glycemic Index

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

The GI values for the guava is 78 and a low GL value. The Glycemic load takes into the account when the amount of the food you have eaten and how it affects your blood sugar and insulin response. The low GL value of guava is 4.

Benefits

Healthy Eye

Vitamin A and retinol is liable for smart vision. Guava is wealthy in retinol, thus if you don't like carrots, you'll strive a guava for rising your eyesight.

Weight Loss Management

You can create a juice from the leaves of a guava that helps stop advanced sugar from being converted into fat among your body. Guava is high in fiber, has no cholesterin, and a low number of digestible carbohydrates, making it a perfect fasting snack. You'll be able to reduce without compromising your protein intake, and it has less sugar than apples, oranges, grapes, and lots of different fruits.

Prevents Cancer

Guava is a helpful remedy to decrease the cancer cell development. One of the most important nutrients is found in guava, called as the carotenoid. This is a powerful inhibitor, that helps your body to get rid of the harmful free radicals that cause cancer.

Healthy Heart

Studies show that regular consumption of guava will decrease blood pressure level and blood lipids. The reason behind this can be that guava is rich in potassium, soluble fiber content and vitamin C. Potassium will help to regulate and steady the heartbeat and high-pressure level whereas antioxidants keep the blood vessels healthy. Eating pink-fleshed guava on regular basis will decrease the chance of cardiovascular diseases. Guava leaves tea helps to lower the bad cholesterol. This can keep your circulatory system healthy.

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Prevents Diabetes

The eating of guava can also help patients suffering from diabetes. High level of dietary fiber in it helps lower glucose levels within the body. Recent studies have shown that consuming it will help to prevent stop the appearance of type-2 diabetes.

Regulates Blood Pressure

Guava helps to reduce LDL cholesterol levels and blood pressure. It is shown that the food that lacks fiber (such as refined flour) add to blood pressure level. This fruit, being very rich in fiber and hypoglycaemic in nature, helps to reduce blood pressure level.

Immunity System

It is a rich source of vitamin C which has a powerful antioxidant. Regular consumption of guavas will make sure that the body stays beyond illness and recovers quickly. The longer you stay sick particularly throughout bouts of cold and influenza the weaker you immunity gets.

Brain Health

Another tremendous good thing about guava is that the presence of vitamin B3 and B6 in them. Niacin will increase blood flow and stimulates cognitive function, whereas vitamin B6 is a great nutrient for brain and nerve function. Intake guava will help to relax the nerves and enhance concentration.

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Types

There are wide varieties of guava available some of them as follows:

  • Strawberry guava
  • Pineapple Guava
  • Red Malaysian
  • Tropical White
  • Mexican Cream
  • Lemon Guava
  • Detwiler
  • Common Guava

Availability

October – April

Selection

While buying guavas, make sure that you simply select fresh fruits with their skins intact without any cuts, bruises, or patches. Your selection of guava also depends upon the variety that you are choosing. If you're buying pink guavas, opt for those that are firm and barren of soft spots. Their skin ought to be green with a yellow tinge. Whereas buying for white Thai guavas, ensure that they're free from blemishes or soft spots and their skin ought to be bright green, Overly soft guavas or those with soft spots or discoloration ought to be avoided.

How to Preserve

Guavas can be preserved at room temperature for a few days. Mature green guava can last for two to five weeks when we keep at a regulated temperature. Always keep ripen guavas in a plastic bag or container and refrigerated for a few days, and good to use them within a day or two. Unripen guavas can be stored in a plastic container or bag upto two weeks. Freeze guava can last long to a year.