Overview

It is popularly known as the "The Queen of Fruits". They are categorised into the 3 variants based on their colors – red, green, black and blue. Grapes not only add the vibrance and appeal to your food but also it is very beneficial. It is used in desserts, the primary ingredient in a winemaking process. While the majority of production of grapes are used in the world for making the wine. And the remaining is consumed as fruits and a small portion is used for making the dried fruits.

Grapes are first originated in the middle east, and later countries are also started growing it and using it in the winemaking. Grapes are popular all around the world. More than the 73 million tons of grapes are grown annually all over the world. Its botanical name is Vitis vinifera.

benefits of Grapes

Origin

The humans began growing grapes as early as 6500 B.C. throughout the Neolithic era. By 4000 B.C. grapes growing extended from Transcaucasia to Asia Minor. At the time of the autumn of the Roman Empire, grape culture and wine creating primarily were related to monasteries. Later, the utilization of wine extended beyond spiritual rites and have become entrenched in culture as a social custom. This increased demand for grapes, and grape culture grew steady from the 16th to the 20th century.

Nutrition Value

An average grapes weighs 92 grams and provides 62 calories with certain amount of dietary fibre. It is a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin A, Calcium and Iron.

Serving Size: 92 grams

The below table shows the nutrition percentage of grapes:

% Daily intake per serve Average Quantity per serve
Fat 0% 0.3g
Saturated Fat 0% 0.1g
Cholesterol 0% 0mg
Sodium 0% 1.8mg
Potassium 6% 175.8mg
Carbohydrate 5% 16g
Dietary Fiber 3% 0.8g
Sugar 5% 16g
Protein 1% 0.6g

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GI and GL Score

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Index plays the important role in your diet. If you are health-conscious then GI is very much useful to know how much impact particular food does on your blood glucose levels.

If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less then it is considered to be "Low GI", and a GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "high GI".

The GI of a grapes is 53 and GL score of a grape is 5.

Benefits

Treat for Asthma

It is used for curing the Asthma. The hydrating power of the grapes is very high, which increases the moisture present in the lungs and reduces the events of asthmatic.

Bones Strengthen

It is a rich source of copper, iron, and manganese. These elements are vital for the formation and strengthing the bones. By adding the grapes to your diet on a daily basis will stop the onset of age-related conditions like osteoporosis. Manganese is a vital element within the body that aids within the protein metabolism, and nervous system functioning.

Prevents from Heart Diseases

Grapes increase the nitric oxide levels in our blood, that prevents us from the blood clots. Therefore, it's an efficient way to reduce the possibilities of the heart attacks. In addition, grapes contain the antioxidants that stop the reaction of LDL cholesterol. The two main varieties of antioxidants which are present in the grapes are resveratrol and quercetin. Also, these two flavonoids are used to reduce the platelet clumping and filter the toxin out of the blood.

Cures Migraine

Ripe grape juice is a vital home remedy for curing the sick headache (migraine). It should be suggested to drink early within the morning without mixing the extra water. There are several causes of migraines which includes the chemical imbalances, lack of sleep, changes within the weather, and dietary deficiencies. In general alcohol causes the migraines, however grapes contain a large amount of antioxidants which might cause and cures an equivalent illness.

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Dental Cares

Recent research suggests states that the red wine and grape seed extract can potentially help to prevent from cavities.

Boost Immune System

Grape consists of high levels of vitamin C, vitamin K, and vitamin A. It gives a healthy boost to our many organ systems, particular to your immune system, which means fewer chances of common colds, as well as the more serious health issues.

Types

Hundreds of varieties of grapes are grown worldwide. Following are the few types of grape:

  • Moon Drops
  • Concord
  • Pinot Noir
  • Lemberger
  • Sweet Jubilee
  • Valiant
  • Champagne
  • Crimson Seedless
  • Kyoho
  • Cotton Candy

Different types of Grapes

Availability

All Year.

Selection

Always choose the grapes that are plump, unblemished, evenly colored, and firmly attached to the stem. The best way to check that you are buying grapes are fresh or not is by holding the stem and shaking them. If grapes are fall from stem it means those grapes have been stored for a long time and it should not be eaten.

Avoid grapes which are soft or wrinkled skin or stems that are brown or brittle. It is a sign of freezing or dying. Leaking berries also avoided because it indicates that they are of a poor quality or decay.

How to Preserve

Proper storage of grapes is required for keeping the fruits fresh and it avoids any injury or decay also. Always recommended to keep the unwashed grapes in a plastic bag or in an airtight container, and store it in the coolest part of the refrigerator. It can be stored for a week, but its quality diminishes with a time.