The botanical name of durian is Durio and its belongs to the family of Mallows. It is called as a King of Fruits. Durian fruit doesn't contain any cholesterol. The durian fruit smell has a divisive effect on people which led to banned on public transportation in certain Asian countries. More than 30 species of durian are available all around the world, in which at least nine are producing the edible fruits. It is also known as Civet-Cat fruit tree, Civet fruit, Kampung Durian, Dian, Durian Puteh, and Jatu.
Durian is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, and Philippines which are the major producers of these fruit. It also grows in northern Australia, South American countries and Africa.
A Durian weighs 100 grams provides the 148 calories with a certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of Carbohydrates, Protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Copper, Iron, Zinc, and Magnesium.
The following table shows the nutrition percentage of durian:
|% Daily intake per serve||Average quantity per serving|
|Vitamin A||2%||46 IU|
Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.
Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.
The Glycemic Index values for the carambola is 36. The Glycemic load takes into the account when the amount of the food you have eaten and how it affects your blood sugar and insulin response.
The GI values for the Durian is 65 and GL value is 10.
- Healthy Bones
- High in Iron and Copper
- Good source of Dietary Fiber
- Helps to treat Anemia
- Reduces Blood Pressure Level
- May regulates Sleep Cycle
Durian is a rich source of magnesium, potassium, and copper which plays an important role in developing and sustaining bone strength and sturdiness. Potassium also helps to increase the potency of nutrient uptake by the cells. Therefore it maximizes several useful minerals the body takes in. whereas additionally improves the bone health. These essential minerals help to forestall the development of osteoporosis.
High in Iron and Copper
Durian contains a good amount of rich and copper. Copper and Iron are needed in the formation and creation of red blood cells. It also contains the manganese which is necessary for the healthy skin and bone.
Good source of Dietary Fiber
Pregnant ladies usually suffer from constipation because of hormonal changes within the body. Durian acts as a natural laxative and helps in removing chemicals from the gut. It additionally keeps the mucous membrane protected because the fiber content reduces the exposure time to toxins.
Helps to treat Anemia
Durian contains the high levels of folic acid which is an important component for the production of red blood cells. It is a rich source of iron and copper, two different essential components of red blood cells, once red blood cells production has come back to normal then the symptoms of anemia will disappear, which includes the stomach upset, migraine, fatigue, anxiety, and cognitive malfunction.
Reduces Blood Pressure Level
Durian is a good source of potassium which is an integral part of the salt and fluid balance throughout the cells of the body, it additionally dictates the blood pressure level. When a huge amount of potassium is present then the blood vessels will relax and reduce the strain on the vascular system, and reduce the possibilities of developing conditions like coronary artery disease, heart attack, and strokes. Reduced stress on the veins and arteries additionally will increase oxygenated blood flow to the brain, and reducing the chances of developing Alzheimer's and dementedness.
May regulates Sleep Cycle
It contains a natural sleep-activating amino acid which is known as a Tryptophan. Tryptophan also called as nature's sleeping pill, is very important to causing sleep as a result of it metabolizes sleep hormones, like serotonin and melatonin. Recent studies have shown that increasing essential amino acid intake will decrease sleep onset latency – the length of your time to go to sleep. This makes durian fruit a naturopathic cure for gentle sleep disorder or temporary state.
There are wide varieties of durian available in the market some of them as follows:
- Musang King
- Golden Phoenix
- Red Prawn
- Green Bamboo
- Black Pearl
- Mao Shang Wang
- Black Thorn
- Black Gold
- Udang Merah
- Hor Lor Durians
Its seasons varies depending on the region and weather of that place. In some countries is available from July to August and in some places November-December.
Select a fruit that is comparatively light-weight and whose stem seems huge and solid. While shaking a good durian the seed must move. Maturity is indicated once the center of the fruit exudes a strong. However not bitter smell. Finally, an inserted knife must come out sticky, thiscan be the simplest indication that the fruit is ripe.
How to Preserve
Always prefer to store durian in a cool place or in the refrigerator if you wish to hold off on intake it. To store leftover cut durian, then use the airtight container which is flat and wide enough to accommodate your durian segments while not stacking. Store in refrigerator for up to 4 to 6 days.