Overview

Cucumber is one of the oldest and widely cultivated crops in the world. It consists of 95% water it makes them as an ideal hydrating and cooling food. Cucumber has a light to dark green color, thin skin, moisture-rich flesh with tiny edible seeds inside. It can be consumed with or without skin. It also features in many beauty products. Cucumber is known as a versatile food that can be added to a variety of dishes like salads, sandwiches, and juices. Though usually thought to be a vegetable, cucumber is really a fruit.

The botanical name of Cucumber is Cucumis sativus. It belongs to the same family of zucchinis, watermelons, pumpkins, and squash. Different kinds of cucumbers are grown in several regions and they are eaten fresh or pickled. However, they are 3 kinds of cucumber slicing, pickling, and seeded. It helps to reduce the unwanted inflammation. Incorporating cucumbers in our diet will result in wonderful health benefits.

benefits of Cucumber

Origin

Cucumber originated in South Asia, however, it is grown in other parts of the world as well. It is considered as the right food to keeping fit and healthy.

Nutrition Value

A Cucumber serving weighs 100 grams provides the 13 calories with a certain amount of dietary fiber. It is a rich source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Folate, Protein, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sodium, and Zinc.

The following table shows the nutrition percentage of Cucumber:

% Daily intake per serveAverage quantity per serving
Protein1%0.8g
Carbohydrate1%3.7g
Dietary Fiber2%0.7g
Vitamin A2%106 IU
Vitamin C6%2.9 mg
Vitamin K22%16.6 mcg
Folate2%7.1 mcg
Calcium2%16.3 mg
Iron3%0.5 mg
Magnesium3%13.2 mg
Phosphrous2%24.2 mg
Potassium5%148 mg

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Glycemic Index

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

The Glycemic Index values for the cucumber is 15. The Glycemic load takes into the account when the amount of the food you have eaten and how it affects your blood sugar and insulin response. The Glycemic Load value of cucumber is 1.

Benefits

Brain Health

Cucumber contains an anti-inflammatory flavonol known as fisetin that seems to play a crucial role in brain health. Additionally, it helps to improve your memory and protecting your nerve cells from age-related decline, fisetin has been found to forestall progressive memory and learning impairments in mice with Alzheimer's disease.

Lowers Blood Pressure Level

Cucumber is a rich source of Magnesium, Fiber, and Potassium which helps to maintain the right blood pressure level – that must not be too high or too low. It additionally helps to lower the pressure in arteries and keep them hydrous. It is one of the main reason why cucumbers are suggested to people battling high blood pressure.

Healthy Skin

Cucumber contains silica that helps to develop robust and healthy connective tissues within the muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and bone. Therefore consumption of cucumber helps you get a healthy and bright skin. Cucumber is wealthy in water and this helps your skin to remain hydrous. Cucumber extract is additionally used to treat numerous skin ailments like sunburn and swelling underneath the eyes. Vitamin C and Caffeic acid present in cucumber also stop water loss from the body.

Treats Cancer

It contains polyphenols known as lignans which can help to reduce the chances of breast, uterine, ovarine, and prostate cancers. They even have phytonutrients referred to as cucurbitacins that also have anti-cancer properties.

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Heart Health

Cucumber contains the potassium which helps to reduce the blood pressure levels. A correct balance of potassium, both outside and inside the cells, is crucial for the body to operate properly. Potassium, being a solution, should maintain a particular concentration of in order to hold out of its functions. This could embrace interacting with sodium to assist control impulse transmission, muscular contraction and heart function.

Helps to reduce relieve pain

Cucumbers contain flavonoid, that is anti-inflammatory drug and tannins. They help to fight the harmful free radicals that wander in our body. Elimination of free radicals lowers the risks of any unwellness plaguing our body and, hence, provides us with relief from pain and discomfort.

Types

There are wide varieties of cucumbers available some of them as follows:

  • Armenian
  • Hothouse
  • Japanese
  • Kirby
  • Lemon
  • Persian
  • Spacemaster
  • Burpless
  • Calypso
  • Marketmore 86

Availability

All year

Selection

Look for firm cucumbers which are no blemishes or soft spots. Which might indicate they began to rot. It must be in a dark green color without any yellow spots, that develop because the cucumber is getting excessively ripe. At that time, it'll usually turn out off-flavors and odors. It is recommended to avoid any that have wrinkles because it indicates that they have been stored for while or at a higher temperature and lost their moisture.

How to Preserve

Always store the cucumber in a refrigerator if you're not going to use them instantly. However, they'll deteriorate within the refrigerator as cucumbers are liable to chilling injury after 2 to 3 days at refrigerator temperatures. They must never be frozen as they'll turn brown and thick. Waxed or wrapped cucumbers can keep chilled for a one to two weeks. Unwaxed cucumbers can keep for up to one week if wrapped loosely in plastic and stored within the crisper.