Overview

Banana one of the most well-liked fresh fruit all over the world and its name comes from the Arabic word ‘banan’, which implies finger. The scientific name of Banana is musa acuminate and musa balbisiana.

Bananas are very healthy and delicious. They contain many essential nutrients and have high advantages. Apart from being, they are terribly nutritious.

Bananas are tasty fruits. They are green when unripe and turn yellow as they ripen. They have a nice and relaxing flavour. It serves as an important role in many traditional diets.

The banana fruits grow from a banana heart in hanging clusters, also called a bunch or banana stem. The fruits grow in rows called tiers or hands. There are often as several as twenty fruits to a hand.

Each banana contains a protective outer layer (called peel or skin). There is a fleshy part inside that promptly split into 3 segments. It is the sole familiar tri-segmented fruit within the world. Each the skin and inner half are often eaten up. Western cultures generally eat the inside raw and throw away the skin. Some Asian cultures eat both the skin and the inside cooked.

health benefits of banana

Origin

Bananas were introduced to the Americas by Portuguese sailors WHO brought the fruits from West Africa within the16th century. They are fully grown in a minimum of 107 countries and graded fourth among world's food crops in price.

Nutrition Value

A typical banana of average 125 grams has about 75% of water and 25% of waterless substance which contains 90 calories. It is a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B6, iron, potassium, magnesium and also lowers cholesterol.

The below table shows the nutrition percentage of Banana.

% Daily intake per serve Average Quantity per
Carbohydrate 18% 22.84g
Dietary Fiber 7% 2.60g
Protein 2% 1.09g
Calcium 0.5% 5mg
Iron 2% 0.26mg
Potassium 8% 358mg
Vitamin C 15% 8.7mg
Vitamin E 1% 0.10mg

GI and GL Score

Glycemic Index (GI) is used to measure how quickly a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Load (GL) is used to measure how much a food converts into glucose.

Glycemic Index plays the important role in your diet. If you are health-conscious then GI is very much useful to know how much impact particular food does on your blood glucose levels.

If a food comes with a GI of 55 or less then it is considered to be "Low GI", and a GI of 55 to 69 is a "moderate GI", and GI of 70 or greater is a "high GI".

The GI values for the banana range is 48 and a low GL of 11.

Benefits

High Fiber content

Banana contains fiber of both soluble and insoluble. This soluble fiber has the tendency to prevent digestion and keep you feeling full for an extended time. That's why bananas are usually enclosed during a breakfast meal. So you can begin your day without having to stress regarding successive meal. Experts say that having two bananas can give you enough stamina to exercise for an hour and a half. The high amount of vitamins and minerals makes bananas an important and effective energy booster.

Ease in Digestion

Bananas are natural antacids, they can help neutralize stomach acid and aid in ulcer treatment. Another component in bananas, leucocyanidin, increases the thickness of the mucous membrane of the stomach this offers additional protection from ulcers. According to Ayurveda, banana contains a sweet and bitter taste. The sweet taste is alleged to achieve a way of heaviness, however, the bitter taste is thought to stimulate Agni (the organic process juices), thereby supporting digestion and serving to in increasing metabolism.

Weight Loss

The fiber in bananas can aid weight loss. And since they also contain starch, they can control blood sugar levels. This is good for weight loss because excess sugar gets stored as fat in the body.

Treat Hangovers

Potassium is one mineral that is lost following alcohol consumption, and this also causes dehydration. You can have a banana milkshake sweetened with honey a quick fix for a hangover. The banana calms the stomach, and the honey replenishes the depleted sugar levels. And the milk soothes and rehydrates your body.

Vitamins B1 and B6 are two of the nutrients whose levels fall post alcohol consumption bananas are rich in these and can help improve hangover symptoms. The glucose and electrolytes in bananas also help treat the hangover.

Reduce Fever

Excessive sweating, diarrhea, and vomiting are some of the common symptoms of fever. These symptoms deplete potassium levels in the body and cause weakness. Bananas, being rich in potassium, can be of great help. They can also help replace lost electrolytes, thereby accelerating recovery.

Skin and Hair Health

Bananas are great natural moisturizers for your skin. The vitamin A in the bananas restores the lost moisture and repairs the damaged, dull, and dry skin. It additionally helps to treat a disease of the skin. Bananas contain vitamin B that creates your hair shine. They conjointly keep your hair moisturized and well hydrous. The potassium is the alternative natural oils which also improve your hair health.

Types

All over there are almost 500 varieties of bananas where only a few of them are available in the market. Here are the few of them.

  • Baby Bananas
  • Burro Bananas
  • Cavendish Bananas
  • Apple Bananas
  • Red Bananas
  • Manzano Bananas
  • Ice Cream Bananas
  • Lady Finger Bananas
  • Pisang raja
  • Cooking Bananas

Different types of Bananas

Availability

All year.

Selection

Ensure that bananas are mostly yellow with green colour at both ends. If you are going to use right away pick the already ripe bananas that are yellow with brown spots and for using them later, you can pick those that are slightly green.

How to Preserve

To preserve bananas for an extended period, store them at room temperature. They must be away from direct heat and sunlight. Also, store bananas by themselves and not with different fruits. If you have peeled a banana already, eat it promptly. Exposure to air will cause discoloration.